The Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the southern bank of the river Yamuna in the Indian city of Agar. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (reigned from 1628 to 1658) to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal; it also houses the tomb of Shah Jahan himself. The tomb is the centrepiece of a 17-hectare (42-acre) complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall.

The Taj Mahal construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643, but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1653 at a cost estimated at the time to be around 32 million rupees, which in 2020 would be approximately 70 billion rupees (about the U.S $956 million). The construction project employed some 20,000 artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahori

Source-Wikipedia

The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO Heritage Sites in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. It is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India’s rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts 7–8 million visitors a year and in 2007, it was declared a winner of the New 7 Wonders of the World (2000–2007) initiative.

Inspiration

The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1631, to be built in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died on 17 June that year, while giving birth to their 14th child, Gauhara Begum Construction started in 1632, and the mausoleum was completed in 1648, while the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later. The imperial court documenting Shah Jahan’s grief after the death of Mumtaz Mahal illustrates the love story held as the inspiration for the Taj Maha.

Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal

Shah Jahan                                                 Mumtaz Mahal

Architecture and design

The Taj Mahal incorporates and expands on design traditions of Persian and earlier Mughal architecture. Specific inspiration came from successful Timurid and Mughal buildings including the Gur-e Amir(the tomb of Timur, a progenitor of the Mughal dynasty, in Samarkand), Humayun’s Tomb which inspired the Charbagh gardens and has-best (architecture) plan of the site, Itmad-Ud Daulah’s Tomb (sometimes called the Baby Taj), and Shah Jahan’s own Jama Masjid in Delhi. While earlier Mughal buildings were primarily constructed of red sandstone, Shah Jahan promoted the use of white marble inlaid with a semi-precious stone. Buildings under his patronage reached new levels of refinement.

Tomb

The tomb is the central focus of the entire complex of the Taj Mahal. It is a large, white marble structure standing on a square plinth and consists of a symmetrical building with an iwan (an arch-shaped doorway) topped by a large dome and finial. Like most Mughal tombs, the basic elements are Persian in origin. The base structure is a large multi-chambered cube with chamfered corners forming an unequal eight-sided structure that is approximately 55 metres (180 ft) on each of the four long sides. Each side of the iwan is framed with a huge Pishta or vaulted archway with two similarly shaped arched balconies stacked on either side. This motif of stacked Pishtas is replicated on the chamfered corner areas, making the design completely symmetrical on all sides of the building. Four minarets frame the tomb, one at each corner of the plinth facing the chamfered corners. The main chamber houses the false sarcophagi of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan; the actual graves are at a lower level.

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Dalhousie, India

Dalhousie is a beautiful hill station in Chamba district, in the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is situated on 5 hills and has an elevation of 1,970 meters above sea level.

Dalhousie Town was named after The Earl of Dalhousie who was the British Governor-General in India while establishing this place as a summer retreat.

Dalhousie

Dalhousie has a humid subtropical climate. Late summer and early spring see torrential rainfall due to monsoonal influence. The city sees over 90 frost days per year and 20-30 snowy days.

History of Dalhousie

Dalhousie was founded during the colonial time around the 1850s by the Britishers and was named after ‘Lord Dalhousie’ who was the chief frontman of Britishers in India at that time.

It is located to the west of the Dhauladhar Peak of the Himalayas and is considered a gateway to the beautiful Chamba district, which is filled with Hindu culture, art, temples, and handiwork and was named ‘Alpine Beauty’ by the British officers.

During that time, British rule was taking over other parts of India and it became evident that it will be the same for Dalhousie as well. They started building the city by hiring poor villagers who were devoid of many basic needs of life at low wages and ill-treated them. Later, Christian missionaries came to their rescue but just for spreading their own religion and not for genuine community help

Lord Dalhousie

Khajjiar

Khajjiar is located approximately 24 kilometers (15 mi) from Dalhousie.

It sits on a small plateau with a small stream-fed lake in the middle that has been covered over with weeds. The hill station is surrounded by meadows and forests. About 2,000 meters (6,500 ft) above sea level in the foothills of the Dhauladhar ranges of the Western Himalayas and peaks can be seen in the distance. It is part of the Kalatop Khajjiar Sanctuary.

It can be reached from Dalhousie, the nearest major town and hill station, by bus in an hour or so. This is a rare combination of three ecosystems: lake, pasture, and forest.

Also is known as a Mini Switzerland. On 7 July 1992, Swiss Envoy Willy P. Blazer, Vice Counselor and Head of Chancery of Switzerland in India brought Khajjiar on the world tourism map by calling it “Mini Switzerland”

Khajjiar

source- Travel Triangle

Famous places of Dalhousie

  • Khajjiar.
  • Satdhara Falls.
  • Panchpula.
  • Kalatop Khajjiar Sanctuary.
  • Dainkund Peak.
  • Bakrota Hills.
  • Subhash Baoli.
  • Chamba.                                                                                                                                                                        Also, do visit my other post by click here

Majnu-ka-tilla

 

Majnu-ka-tilla is officially called New Aruna Nagar Colony, Chungtown, and Samyeling. It is part of North Delhi district and is located at the bank of the Yamuna River near ISBT Kashmir Gate.

The historic name of the area, literally means the hillock of Majnu, after the tilla or mound were during the reign of Sikander Lodhi (r. 1489–1517) on Delhi Sultanate, a local Iranian Sufi mystic Abdulla, nicknamed Majnu (lost in love), met Sikh Guru, (Guru Nanak DevJi) on 20 July 1505

Majnu-ka-tillaSource- IndiaTv

Tibetan settlement: 1950’s to present(Majnu-ka-tilla)

Majnu Ka Tilla area has three main residential settlements with total 3000–3500 homes,Aruna Nagar, New Aruna Nagar and Old Chandrawal village, which was built up in the early 1900s

Just as Aruna Nagar was developing, the 1959 Tibetan uprising took place in March, most residents of Majnu-ka-tilla left Tibet in 1959-60, when the Dalai Lama  too went into exile to Dharamshala. Soon, a small Tibetan refugee camp up acrosroad, on the Yamuna riverbed. Tibet refugees and is also known as Samyeling, through colloquially as “Little-Tibet” or “Mini-Tibet’.

Economy

The economy of Majnu-ka-tilla centres around hotels, guest-houses and restaurants. Another important aspect of the economy is home rentals as a large population is cramped in closely built houses, several floors high and approachable through narrow bylanes. In addition, there is a market of retail stalls, including bookshops, curio shops, metalsmiths, and a beauty parlour; internet cafes, and travel agencies.The neighbourhood is popular among foreign and domestic tourists as well as among Delhi University students.

Majnu-ka-tilla

Tourism

Over the years, (Tibetan refugee settlement) has emerged as popular destination for foreign tourists and students from North Campus Delhi University. It houses a small monastery and Buddhist temple, besides the numerous restaurants specialising in Tibetn food, curio shops selling Tibetan handicrafts and stores selling the latest fashionwear and gadgets. 

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Mcleodganj-Tibetan culture in India

Mcleodganj is also known as a little Lhasa because there are lots of Tibetan peoples. Also, there is an H.H The Dalai Lama residence and Tibetan government in exile.

McleodganjWhen China invaded Tibet in the 1950s, the Dalai Lama and several other Tibetans had to flee their native land forcefully. At that time, India offered help, and it was in Mcleodganj Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh where everyone took refuge.

Residence to The Dalai Lama, Dharamshala is also the headquarters of the Central Tibetan Administration, which is the Tibetan Government in exile.

Exploring Mcleodganj Dharamshala is a dream for any traveler. There is a sense of tranquillity in wandering through the narrow streets of the town that highlight the authenticity of the people, residing in complete harmony.

However, the true beauty of Dharamshala lies in its temples and monasteries. While several tourist attractions in the area are an absolute delight to discover, it is the omnipresent spirituality of the place that eventually steals the heart

Another reason to visit Dharamshala is for its exquisite artifacts and local markets, which are a shopper’s delight. Add to that the scenic magnificence of the surroundings, and Dharamshala is sure to touch every soul that meanders through its land.

source-Ticker Eats the World

Mcleodganj

 

The Dalai Lama Temple

McLeod Ganj, also known as Upper Dharamshala, is the official residence of The Dalai Lama. It is one of the most ‘touristy’ towns in the country. To learn more about the history of Tibet and witness its glory, you must visit the Dalai Lama Temple Complex.

Tourists from across the planet visit the heavenly Dalai Lama Temple to seek peace and wellbeing. The temple is known as ‘Tsug La Khang’ and is situated close to the official abode of His Holiness.

The Dalai Lama visits the temple frequently to conduct prayer meets, meditations, and to address disciples. If you are looking to attend any of his sessions, plan your trip according to His dates. His talks are scheduled twice or thrice a year and are open to all, free of cost.

Chanting of prayers, meditation meetings, and various religious practices are a constant here. Another major attraction is the chief prayer wheel. The wheel, plated in pure gold, is at the center of the temple.

Mcleodganj

There are also large statues reflecting Tibetan and Buddhist culture dotted across the complex. A statue of Lord Buddha, along with those of Chenrezig and Guru Rinpoche are among the prominent sculptures that are visually appealing.

To take a bit of Dharamshala back home, there are shops nearby that sell books and religious beads, among other things to visitors.

Tsung La Khang is also famous for its stunning architecture. Every nook and corner oozes elegance, with divine vibrations lingering in the air at all times.

Visitors get to see the Namgyal Monastery, and several striking temples, and a museum inside the complex. The museum acts as a reflection of Tibetan legacy with an intimate insight into their beliefs.

When planning your trip, start early in the morning to experience the serenity of the complex at its best

source-Ticker Eats the World

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